Background: There are growing evidence demonstrating that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is companied by acute myocardial injury. However, the association of SARS-CoV-2-induced myocardial injury with death risk of COVID-19 is unclear.
Methods: This prospective case-cohort study analyzed 355 COVID-19 patients from two hospitals in different regions. Clinical and demographic information were collected. Myocardial injury was evaluated and its prognosis was followed up.
Results: Of 355 hospitalized patients with COVID-19, 213 were mild, 90 severe and 52 critically ill patients. On admission, 220 (62.0%) patients were with myocardial injury. Myocardial injury was more popular in critically ill patients. Using multivariate logistic regression, male, older age and comorbidity with hypertension were three crucial independent risk factors predicting myocardial injury of COVID-19 patients. Among 220 COVID-19 patients with myocardial injury, 33 (15.0%) died on mean 10.9 day after hospitalization. Mortality was increased among COVID-19 patients with myocardial injury (15.0% vs 1.74%, RR=8.625, P<0.001). Follow-up study observed that at least one myocardial index of 21.3% patients remained abnormal 14 days after discharge.
Conclusion: Myocardial injury at early stage elevates mortality of COVID-19 patients. Male elderly patients with hypertension are more vulnerable to myocardial injury. SARS-CoV-2-induced myocardial injury has not completely recovered 14 days after discharge.