Background Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection swept through Wuhan and spread across China and overseas beginning in December 2019. To identify predictors associated with disease progression, we evaluated clinical risk factors for exacerbation of SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Methods A retrospective analysis was used for PCR-confirmed COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019)-diagnosed hospitalized cases between January 19, 2020, and February 19, 2020, in Zhejiang, China. We systematically analysed the clinical characteristics of the patients and predictors of clinical deterioration.
Results One hundred patients with COVID-19, with a median age of 54 years, were included. Among them, 49 patients (49%) had severe and critical disease. Age ([36-58] vs [51-70], P=0.0001); sex (49% vs 77.6%, P=0.0031); BMI ([21.53-25.51] vs [23.28-27.01], P=0.0339); hypertension (17.6% vs 57.1%, P<0.0001); IL-6 ([6.42-30.46] vs [16.2-81.71], P=0.0001); IL-10 ([2.16-5.82] vs [4.35-9.63], P<0.0001); T lymphocyte count ([305- 1178] vs [167.5-440], P=0.0001); B lymphocyte count ([91-213] vs [54.5-163.5], P=0.0001); white blood cell count ([3.9-7.6] vs [5.5-13.6], P=0.0002); D2 dimer ([172-836] vs [408-953], P=0.005), PCT ([0.03-0.07] vs [0.04-0.15], P=0.0039); CRP ([3.8-27.9] vs [17.3-58.9], P<0.0001); AST ([16, 29] vs [18, 42], P=0.0484); artificial liver therapy (2% vs 16.3%, P=0.0148); and glucocorticoid therapy (64.7% vs 98%, P<0.0001) were associated with the severity of the disease. Age and weight were independent risk factors for disease severity.
Conclusion Deterioration among COVID-19-infected patients occurred rapidly after hospital admission. In our cohort, we found that multiple factors were associated with the severity of COVID19. Early detection and monitoring of these indicators may reduce the progression of the disease. Removing these factors may halt the progression of the disease. In addition, early treatment with low doses of glucocorticoids and liver therapy, when necessary, may help reduce mortality in critically ill patients.