Background: Dyslipidemia plays an important role in the pathogenesis and evolution of critical illness, but limited information exists regarding the lipid metabolism of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. The aim of this study was to investigate role of dyslipidemia in patients with severe COVID-19
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 216 severe COVID-19 patients with clarified outcomes (discharged or deceased), admitted to the West Court of Union Hospital in Wuhan, China, between February 1 and March 31, 2020. The dynamic changes of lipid profiles and their relationships with disease severity and clinical outcomes were analyzed.
Results: A total of 216 severe COVID-19 patients, including 24 non-survivors and 192 survivors, were included in the final analyses. The levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and apolipoprotein AI (Apo-AI) on admission were significantly lower in non-survivors compared to survivors. During hospitalization, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol(TC), HDL-C and Apo-AI were shown an increasing trend in survivors, but maintained lower levels or shown downward trend in non-survivors. The serum levels of HDL-C and Apo-AI were inversely correlated with C-reactive protein (CRP), length of hospital stay of survivors and disease severity. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis identified a CRP/ HDL-C ratio cut-off value of 62.54 as the predictor for in-hospital mortality (AUC=0.823, Sensitivity=83.3%, Specificity=70.8%). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that hypertension, neutrophils-to-lymphocytes ratio(NLR), platelet count and high CRP/ HDL-C ratio (>62.54) were independent factors to predict in-hospital mortality.
Conclusions: The results demonstrated that dyslipidemia was associated with the inflammatory response, disease severity and poor prognosis of COVID-19. High CRP/ HDL-C ratio may serve as an independently potential predictor for hospital mortality among patients with severe COVID-19.